A smart city is more than just another statement of a smart city, or an intelligent application of information technology. It also includes the wisdom of people's participation, people-oriented, and sustainable development. Combining the development of this concept and summarizing the regional informationization practice in the world, the article "Smart City in the Perspective of Innovation 2.0" analyzes smart cities from the two aspects of technological development and economic and social development, emphasizing wisdom. The city is not only the application of next-generation information technology such as the Internet of Things and cloud computing, but more importantly, it is applied by the methodology of Innovation 2.0 for the knowledge society.
Interpretation: Smart Community and Smart City
“The smart community is the point, and the smart city is the face.” Some people describe the relationship between the smart community and the smart city, and to achieve the goal of building a smart city by promoting the construction of a smart community. As early as 2012, China has set off a boom in building smart cities. Currently, the construction of smart cities across the country is in full swing.
As the foundation for building a smart city, the building of a smart community is crucial. The smart community actually meets the needs of the community residents, making full use of the Internet and the Internet of Things to provide residents with a more modern and intelligent living environment through innovative management modes through intelligent buildings, smart homes, and monitoring systems. Smart communities are an important part of smart cities. They form a smart city “face” through “spots” of large and small smart communities. It can be said that the development of smart cities begins with smart communities, and smart communities are also smart. Inheritance, development and implementation of the concept of the city.
Status: China's four smart cities
According to Deloitte's "Super Smart City Report", there are currently 500 smart cities under construction in China. According to the plan, from 2016 to 2020, China will cultivate 100 new smart cities. According to the data of the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the three major operators responsible for the construction of smart cities, according to the geographical location of smart cities under construction, four smart city groups have been formed: 1 in Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, and Jinan. The main ring of the sea; 2 Nanjing, Wuxi, Shanghai, Hefei, Hangzhou, Ningbo-based Yangtze River Delta; 3 Guangzhou, Foshan, Shenzhen, Xiamen-based Pearl River Delta; 4 to Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing, Wuhan The four smart cities in the Midwest.
Policy: The government strongly supports the construction of smart cities
For the construction of smart communities and smart cities, China has issued a number of relevant policies to support them. For example, in September 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission and the seven ministries and commissions issued the “Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Healthy Development of Smart Cities”, which clearly pointed out the basic principles of China's smart city construction, including the application of smart technologies to promote integrated public services, and promote the data collection of digital platforms. Share and so on.
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China also clearly stated that China must build a smart society and move social governance to each community, which points the way for the construction of a smart community. The National New Urbanization Plan (2014-2020) issued by the State Council also clarified six indicators on the direction of smart city construction, and clearly required to promote smart city construction.
From: China Electronic Network